Sports therapy is a type of health care, focusing on prevention and rehabilitation of patients with injuries at optimal levels of functional recovery and a certain form of professional sports. Sports therapy treatment should meet the needs of each injury. In some cases, a combination of procedures is necessary for a full recovery.
Types of Sports Therapy
Massaging – Many sports doctors can offer massage therapy to help heal the pain of training soft tissue injuries, and promote blood circulation to the muscles. In the range of massage, there are many different techniques that can be used, including:
Effleurage – a term used to describe a series of light massage strokes to warm muscles before entering work.
Kneading – Strengthening technique kneads the soft tissue at the sites of work, improve blood circulation and relax muscles.
Pressing – This method is rhythmic movement generally towards the hand or fingers. This action is used to “wake up” the nerves and promote lymphatic drainage.
Neuromuscular techniques – help treat pain, the method involves applying concentrated pressure in the muscles to break the cycle of spasm and pain.
Relaxation function – it is a special method that requires the therapist to find a joint proposal / tendon / ligament in the body, and then the positioning of a certain way of “liberation” stress and pain.
Deep tissue massage – Rolfing is a massage technique that focuses on the deeper layers of muscle tissue. It is used to facilitate the set up of slow movements and deep straight across the muscle fibers chronic muscle tension, in contrast to the applied pressure with a grain of muscles.
Thai massage – Thai massage is a type of massage that includes yoga, acupressure and reflexology. He uses a variety of stretching movements and pressure points.
Pre-race massage – It helps avoid injuries and prepares the body and mind with the restrictions and the efforts of the upcoming event. Massage warming up before the race, grease compound, increase blood circulation, increases oxygen consumption.
After a stroke massage – It helps to restore the body and mind in a pleasant relaxed state. Massage after the race will relax muscle tissue, muscle fibers to relax and get rid of toxins and lactic acid from the muscles. This helps to prevent excessive injury and pain the next day.
Mobilization – Mobilization is a manual therapy that is intended to restore joint mobility and range of motion in the case of failure of the connection. Sports therapist gently moves the joint passively within the normal range of motion of the joint. This type of movement must be very precise and delicate, so it must be performed by a qualified technician. If dysfunction is not treated, it can lead to muscle spasms, pain, and fatigue. Also known as the mobilization of soft tissue MFR is used to release the tension build in the fascia. Fascia connective tissue surrounding the muscle leaves, divide them into groups. In the event of injury, the fascia can be reduced, and the movement restricting circulation. Methods used in the MPR trying to break adhesions and relax muscle tension. This helps reduce pain and restore normal range of motion.
Electrotherapy – Some sports physicians can use for treatment of Electrotherapy. This includes a number of applications, including scores and laser treatment. Send TENS (electromyostimulation) machines small electric charge to the muscles through a small patch worn on the skin.
Treatment with hot / cold – Hot and cold treatments are generally used for trauma, to help promote blood circulation and healing. Cold treatments (also known as cryotherapy) include the use of the cold compress on the wound to reduce inflammation and reduce swelling. Thermal treatments are generally used, after a phase of acute injury increased relax muscles and promote healing.
R.I.C.E. – It stands for rest, ice, compression, elevation. Immediately Rest the injured part of the body. If you do, when you move yourself to feel the pain, it’s your body sends a signal to the mobility of the injured area to reduce.
Ice – Apply ice on the injured area. Place a towel between the ice and skin to protect your skin from frostbite. Compress the injured area with a bandage or wrap the ice in the area to reduce swelling. If you experience pain or tingling, loosen the pressure.Height: Raise and support the injured area that is above the level of the heart.